Country profile: Tanzania


Tanzania is the largest of the East African countries, formed from the merger of Tanganyika and Zanzibar in 1964. Before then the country was under first German, then British rule. One-party rule came to an end in 1995 with the first democratic elections in over 20 years and the country is now a multiparty republic.

Tanzania is one of the poorest countries in the world, with over 51% of the population living below the poverty line. Economic activity is dominated by agriculture but the topography and climatic conditions limit the area of usable land to only 4%. For the visitor this spectacular topography is one of the biggest attractions, ranging from the idyllic offshore islands and coastal lowlands to the Great Rift Valley and the volcanic highlands, home to Mount Kilimanjaro, the highest peak in Africa at 5,895 M. The wildlife is similarly diverse and the vast national parks are easily accessible and ideal for spotting the huge herds of wildebeest, gazelles, zebras, lions, cheetahs and hyenas.

Because Tanzania is such a large and varied country, it is unsurprising that the climate differs so. The coastal areas are usually quite tropical—hot and humid, with an average daytime temperature of 30°C, an atmosphere alleviated slightly by the cooling sea breezes. The central areas and the plains have similarly hot days, but the temperature can fall quite considerably at night, and the mountain slopes of the northeast have an almost temperate climate for the majority of the year. The long rainy season is from March to May, when it is likely to rain every day.

Health system

Sign up or Log in here

53 hospital profiles  
Sign up or Log in here to view

Quick facts

Capital Dar es Salaam (administrative/judical) and Dodoma (legislative)
Population 35,306,000
Language Kiswahili or Swahili (official), English (official, language of commerce and higher education)
Literacy 67.8%
Timezone GMT + 3
Telephone code +255
Currency TZS (Shilling)
Growth 2.57%

Health data

No. doctors ca. 1,500
Hospital profiles 53
Medschool profiles 3

Travel information

Sign up or Log in here to view

Student experiences in Tanzania

Sign up or Log in here to read
7 case studies about electives in Tanzania

Your Q&As about Tanzania

  • Hi I would like to organise an elective in Tanzania, Arusha for March 2014. Which hospitals are good? And how do I go abou applying, Thanks, 15 Jun 2013 (1 answer)
  • is anyone going to MUHIMBILI HOSPITAL in DAR ES SALAM, TANZANIA in JUNE -JULY 2013??? 28 Sep 2012 (1 answer)
  • Hi, my friend and I are hoping to do our elective in Zanzibar in july 2013. I was wondering would you be able to provide me with some more information about this as the information is very limited at present on TEN 20 Aug 2012 (1 answer)
  • Me and a friend have been looking into doing our elective next summer in Zanzibar. We have been in contact Mnazi Mmoja hospital, and have been offered a place there. We have heard mixed reviews from students about this hospital, and we were wondering if you had heard anything about it? Reading on forums online, I saw that the hospital used to be on TEN, and as it isn't anymore have you taken it off for any reason. Thanks 29 Oct 2011 (5 answers)

There are 53 questions about hospitals in Tanzania

Sign up or Log in here to view these questions