Charité - Campus Charité Mitte

Referral/Teaching Hospital | Berlin, Germany

Hospital description

The Charité is a large teaching hospital in Berlin, affiliated with both Humboldt University and Freie Universität Berlin. With numerous Collaborative Research Centers (CRC) of the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft, Charité is one of Germany’s most research-intensive medical institutions. For five years in a row Charité has been ranked by the news magazine Focus as the best of over 1000 hospitals in Germany.

The Charité is one of the largest hospitals in Europe with about 13200 members of staff, providing more than 3000 hospital beds across its various locations. It consists of 100 individual hospitals, clinics and institutes. The 800,000 patients (of which there are 660,000 outpatients) are cared for by 4100 nurses and care staff and 3700 doctors. The hospital even has its own medical history museum with 750 objects of the collection of Rudolf Virchow. The Charité is one of the biggest employers in Germany’s capital Berlin.

The Charité has four different campuses across the city of Berlin:
Campus Charité Mitte (CCM) in Mitte, Berlin
Campus Benjamin Franklin (CBF) in Lichterfelde, Berlin
Campus Virchow Klinikum (CVK) in Wedding, Berlin
Campus Berlin Buch (CBB) in Buch, Berlin

History of Campus Charité Mitte
“The history of the Charité dates back to the year 1710.  At that time the plague posed an imminent threat, and King Frederick I of Prussia had a quarantine hospital built outside the city gates.  After the plague spared the city, the building was used during the next 17 years as a hospice for destitute old people, a workhouse for beggars, and a maternity home for unmarried mothers.
In 1727, King Frederick William I decreed that the quarantine hospital would become a military hospital and infirmary as well as a training center for future military physicians.  “The house shall be called Charité” was written as a marginal note in one of his letters.  The Royal Charité Hospital was starting to become an important medical facility:  it had storeys added, was expanded to 400 beds, received ample financing, and provided a bed for each patient." (Source: Charité website)

The construction of an anatomical theatre in 1713 was the beginning of the medical school, then supervised by the collegium medico-chirurgicum of the Prussian Academy of Sciences.

“The fact that Berlin university medicine and the Charité were mentioned in the same breath was partly due to the establishment of more and more university clinics on the Charité premises over the years.  All the university clinics on Ziegelstrasse eventually moved to the Charité.  The medical clinic was the first one to move in 1828, but the last one, the university surgical clinic, only followed suit a century later in 1927.  Then the Charité finally became a university medical center.  Formally, however, the Charité and the university hospital still remained separate institutions until 1951:  in the GDR they finally merged to form the Medical Faculty (Charité) of Humboldt University.
The turn of the last century saw the nearly complete demolition of Charité facilities and the construction of a uniform new red brick building between 1896 and 1917.  Its generous design was ruined during World War II:  90% of the building was destroyed or damaged.  Its reconstruction after 1945 under the GDR regime included a new tumor clinic (1959) and a dermatological clinic (1960) as well as a bed tower with a utilities tract (1982) and documented the intention of the GDR  to keep the Charité as the state’s showpiece.  It had 2000 beds at that time.  Restoration of the landmark building started after Germany’s reunification and was nearly complete in 2005. " (Source: Charité Webpage)

Several Nobel prize winners did work at the Charité, among them are Robert Koch, Paul Ehrlich and Emil von Behring.

Profile

Hospital type Referral/Teaching Hospital
Local language German
Funding Status Public

Location

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