Global Health Articles

Incorporating our lived experience of Global Health with the academic theory can be difficult.
Understanding some of the key themes in discussion can be helpful for integrating our experience into the academic theory.

In this section we have a range of articles from our partners, from TEN staff and from academic sources all chosen to expand your understanding and improve your practice.

World hepatitis day 2022

Every July 28th, the World Health Organization, alongside other institutions, observe World Hepatitis Day. This is an opportunity for global medical professionals to come together and recognise the issues relating to the condition.

Hepatitis is an inflammation of the liver which leads to severe illnesses and liver cancer. Now, more than ever, more research and understanding is needed, as there is currently an unexplained rise in acute hepatitis infections affecting children. It does not appear to be any of the five recognised types of hepatitis viruses - A,B,C,D, or E.

Acute Hepatitis infections can be difficult to spot within communities as symptoms may be mild. In fact, only 10% of people with Hepatitis B are diagnosed worldwide. In more severe cases, there is a high risk of fatality and WHO estimates around 78 000 people died in 2019 from Hepatitis A to E related complications. According to the World Hepatitis Alliance, this equates to one person dying every 30 seconds.

WHA are running a campaign this year in line with World Hepatitis Day called ‘I Can’t Wait’. It aims to place the focus on global inequalities in both testing and treatments of the infection, alongside ending the stigma and discrimination sufferers can face.

This year, July 28th is a chance to familiarise yourself with WHO’s plan to eradicate all types of Hepatitis by 2030. There are many ways they are working to do so, but the main focus currently is to encourage countries to reach the following targets:

You can find more information about this project on the WHO website.

World Lung Cancer Day 2022

Lung cancer is still one of the most prevalent forms of cancer globally. In fact, it contributes to more deaths across the world than breast, colon, and prostate cancer combined. August 1st is World Lung Cancer Day which is an opportunity to reflect on how we can work towards reducing the numbers of diagnoses and risk factors in communities.

Over two million people receive a lung cancer diagnosis each year, with three main types: non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC), small-cell lung cancer (SCLC), and lung carcinoid tumour. Whilst smoking tobacco is one of the leading risk factors, there are several others to keep in mind. One is a family history of the illness, as this can significantly increase the chances of developing lung cancer. Exposure to other dangerous substances such as asbestos and arsenic can increase the risk too.

About a quarter of lung cancer sufferers have no symptoms prior to diagnosis, which makes spotting the condition difficult. One of the most recognisable symptoms is a persistent cough that does not go away.

Depending on your practice, this may be an opportunity for you to consider how you can help reduce the likelihood of lung cancer in your own community, and to familiarise yourself and others with the subtler symptoms. These include a change in mucus, chest/back pain, and difficulty swallowing.